One year ago, the United States took an important step in honoring a more complete and accurate history of our country with the recognition of Indigenous Peoples Day. Instead of focusing on Columbus’s “discovery,” this federal holiday (on the 2nd Monday in October) centers the history of Indigenous peoples that have inhabited the Western Hemisphere for tens of thousands of years. In creating this day we acknowledge the genocide, erasure, assimilation, and resilience of the Native people spanning generations.
While the designation of this holiday is an important step in telling the “hard history” of our country, educators play a crucial role in guiding students toward a more complete narrative of Indigenous peoples’ experiences throughout history. The resources below offer background for your own understanding, and inspiration for new ways of teaching Indigenous peoples’ history and their diverse experiences.
1. Learn the history of the Indigenous Taino people of the Caribbean
While many students recognize the name Columbus, rarely are they able to name the Taino people whom he encountered upon his arrival in the Caribbean. The history of their interactions, including their welcoming spirit and subsequent resistance to enslavement, have been all but erased from the history books. This Taíno – Native Heritage and Identity in the Caribbean infographic and article titled, Whose History Matters? Students Can Name Columbus, But Most Have Never Heard of the Taíno People provide an important historical background and visibility for this missing narrative.
2. Join the 2022 Indigenous Peoples’ Day Curriculum Teach-In (October 1, 2022 | 12:00 PM – 3:00 PM ET)
This one-day, online workshop features interactive sessions that teach about Indigenous peoples’ histories and their experiences around treaties and sovereignty today. You’ll learn about the invaluable classroom resources offered through Native Knowledge 360° and the Zinn Education Project. A $10 registration fee includes a free children’s book mailed to you following the event!
3. Explore the free resources from Native Knowledge 360°
The National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) has developed a collection of informational and instructional resources called Native Knowledge 360° that serve to enhance and extend the discourse around Native Americans. Search the collection for topics aligned to your curriculum standards, region, nation, or by grade level, where you’ll find videos, teaching posters and guides, as well as digital lessons to download.
4. Travel the globe listening to greetings in 50 Indigenous languages
“Hundreds of languages are a few days away from never being spoken or heard again. By putting Indigenous languages on the global stage, we reclaim our right to talk about our lives in our own words. It means everything to us.”
—Tania Haerekiterā Tapueluelu Wolfgramm
Māori and Tongan Activist and Educator
Introduce your students to the diversity of language among Indigenous peoples with this interactive Google Earth tour. Click on each location to learn about the native inhabitants and listen to an audio clip of each greeting, saying or song. Learn more about the collaborative project and how this work helps to support the revitalization of Indigenous language for future generations.
5. Continue your learning with these helpful resources:
Bonus! Learners Edge offers graduate-level, continuing education courses to support critical reflection around issues of marginalization, oppression, and justice. Take a look at the following course list for continued learning: